How Can I File an AFFF Lawsuit?

afff lawsuits, firefighting foam cancer lawyers, afff litigation
AFFF lawsuits, firefighting foam cancer lawyers, AFFF litigation

AFFF, a firefighting foam widely used to combat flammable liquid fires, contains toxic per and poly-fluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) that have been linked to various health issues and ecological damage. As firefighters, military personnel, and communities strive for justice and accountability, individuals affected by AFFF exposure are seeking legal recourse by filing firefighting foam lawsuits against manufacturers. 

The process of filing an AFFF lawsuit starts with consulting a firefighting foam attorney, gathering evidence, identifying responsible parties, negotiating, and then getting a fair settlement verdict. 

In this blog, we will explore all the steps of filing a firefighting foam cancer lawsuit, the legal considerations, and the potential impact it can have on your recovery.

What Is Aqueous Film Forming Foam (AFFF)?

toxic firefighting foam, afff firefighting foam mdl afff lawyers firefighting foam cancer lawsuits
toxic firefighting foam, AFFF firefighting foam mdl AFFF lawyers firefighting foam cancer lawsuits

AFFF, or Aqueous Film-Forming Foam, is a firefighting foam widely used to combat flammable liquid fires. It has been used for decades in a wide range of industries, including oil refineries, airports, and military installations.

AFFF firefighting foam is typically made up of a combination of water, synthetic surfactants, and a class of chemicals known as per- and poly-fluoroalkyl substances (PFAS). These PFAS compounds provide AFFF with its remarkable ability to spread quickly, adhere to surfaces, and form a thin, continuous film that acts as a barrier against oxygen, thus suppressing the fire.

PFAS are widely used in various industrial and commercial applications due to their heat resistance, water-repellent properties, and chemical stability. However, their persistence in the environment, resistance to degradation, and bioaccumulative nature have led to growing concerns.

How Does AFFF Firefighting Foam Affect You?

When it comes to combating flammable liquid fires, AFFF (Aqueous Film-Forming Foam) has been a reliable choice for firefighting professionals.

According to the US Environmental Protection Agency, “Exposure to high levels of certain PFAS found in AFFF may lead to adverse health outcomes.”

Several studies and epidemiological investigations have explored the potential cancer risks related to PFAS exposure, including AFFF. While the research is ongoing, here are some cancers that have been linked to AFFF exposure:

  • Kidney Cancer
  • Pancreatic Cancer
  • Testicular Cancer
  • Prostate Cancer
  • Bladder Cancer
  • Thyroid Cancer
  • Liver Cancer
  • Breast Cancer
  • Ovarian Cancer
  • Lymphoma

Who Is Vulnerable to AFFF Exposure?

Exposure to Aqueous Film-Forming Foam (AFFF) can occur in various occupations and settings. Therefore, it is essential to consider the potential exposure risks, such as:

  1. Firefighters: Firefighters face AFFF exposure during firefighting operations, training exercises, and equipment maintenance.
  2. Military Personnel: Those involved in aircraft rescue and firefighting operations may face significant exposure to AFFF on military airfields and naval vessels.
  3. Airport Workers: Airports’ ground crew and maintenance staff may encounter AFFF during firefighting drills, equipment handling, and storage.
  4. Residents near AFFF sites: Individuals living near locations where AFFF is used regularly may be exposed to contaminated water and air.
  5. Workers on Flight Decks: Aircraft maintenance personnel and crew members may come in contact with AFFF during maintenance or emergency response on flight decks.
  6. AFFF Manufacturers: Workers involved in AFFF production may have exposure to PFAS during the manufacturing process.
  7. AFFF Transportation: Individuals involved in the transportation and distribution of AFFF may face exposure during handling and transportation activities.
  8. Incinerator Facility Workers: Workers at incinerator facilities responsible for disposing of firefighting foam may face exposure during waste handling and processing.

Are You Eligible for Firefighting Foam Lawsuit Settlement?

Determining eligibility for AFFF firefighting foam lawsuits depends on various factors and individual circumstances. However, the best way to know if you qualify for a firefighting lawsuit is to consult experienced firefighting foam lawyers specializing in firefighting foam claims.

An attorney would guide you on your eligibility for a firefighting foam lawsuit through the following criteria:

Proof of Exposure to Firefighting Foam

To file an AFFF foam cancer lawsuit, you must demonstrate that you were exposed to Aqueous Film-Forming Foam (AFFF). You can establish this through the following methods:

  1. Employment Records

If you work in an environment exposed to firefighting foam, gathering employment records from your time working there is essential. These records will serve as crucial evidence to prove your occupational exposure to AFFF.

  1. Housing Documents

If you live near the manufacturers of AFFF, it is important to gather documents as proof of your residence. Additionally, having a map to highlight your proximity to the AFFF manufacturing facilities will further support your case.

Proof of Cancer Diagnosis After Exposure to AFFF

There has been substantial research to suggest that PFAS exposure causes cancers. Therefore, if you develop cancer after exposure to AFFF firefighting foam, it is crucial to gather medical records. These records will aid in establishing the eligibility between your exposure and the occurrence of the disease.

How to Establish Liability in AFFF Firefighting Foam Cases?

When filing an AFFF lawsuit, establishing liability is a crucial step. Firefighting foam manufacturers such as 3M, Tyco fire products, Chemguard, DuPont, Chemours, and ChemDesign Inc. may be defendants due to their involvement in manufacturing or distributing AFFF.

Some necessary elements to establish liability are:


One of the common legal grounds for holding the defendants liable in an AFFF lawsuit is proving negligence. This involves demonstrating that the defendants, such as chemical manufacturers or firefighting agencies, failed to exercise reasonable care. This includes handling, distributing, or warning about the dangers of AFFF.

Breach of Duty

You must show that the defendants breached their duty of care owed to you as a user or someone exposed to AFFF. Furthermore, this breach could encompass various aspects, such as inadequate testing, failure to warn about potential health risks or improper handling or disposal practices.

Causal Connection

Establishing a causal connection between the defendant’s actions or omissions and your injuries is crucial. Consequently, proving that the defendant’s negligence directly caused your AFFF exposure and subsequent injuries is essential.


To establish liability, you must demonstrate that you suffered damages from the AFFF exposure. You can prove this through medical records, expert opinions, financial records, or other relevant evidence.

What Is the Process of Filing an Afff Lawsuit?

When filing an AFFF lawsuit for firefighting foam claims, it’s important to understand the process. Here are the key steps:

Consult With a Firefighting Foam Attorney

Start by seeking the expertise of AFFF lawyers who specialize in toxic tort cases. They will provide legal guidance and help evaluate the strength of your claim.

Gathering Evidence

Your attorney will work with you to gather essential evidence to support your case. This can include medical records documenting your injuries. Your lawyer will also collect expert opinions, witness statements, and any other relevant documentation that establishes a link between your injuries and AFFF exposure.

Drafting the Complaint

Your attorney will draft a legal document called a complaint, which outlines the details of your case. Moreover, the complaint will include comprehensive information about your injuries, the defendant’s negligence or breach of duty, and the specific compensation you seek for your damages.

Filing the Complaint

Once the complaint is prepared, your attorney will file it with the appropriate court. This officially initiates the lawsuit. Next, the court will assign a case number and establish a timeline for the legal proceedings.

Serving the Defendants

The complaint must be served to the defendants so they are officially notified of the lawsuit. This is typically done by a process server or through certified mail. The defendants will have a specific timeframe for responding to the complaint.

Settlement Negotiations or Trial

During the litigation process, there may be opportunities for settlement negotiations between your attorney and the defendant’s representatives. The case may proceed to trial if a fair settlement cannot be reached. At trial, both sides present their arguments, and a judge or jury will determine the case’s outcome.

What Damages Are You Eligible for in an Afff Lawsuit?

In an AFFF lawsuit, you may seek various types of compensation, which can include:

  • Medical Expenses: Compensation for past and future medical costs related to your injuries caused by AFFF exposure.
  • Lost Wages: Reimbursement for income lost due to your injuries, including missed work or reduced earning capacity.
  • Pain and Suffering: Compensation for physical pain, emotional distress, and diminished quality of life resulting from your injuries.
  • Punitive Damages: In certain cases, punitive damages may be awarded to punish the defendants for their negligence.

Still Not Sure How to File an Afff Lawsuit? Contact Uptown Injury

If you have been affected by AFFF exposure and are considering filing a firefighting foam lawsuit, seeking the guidance of an experienced firefighting foam lawyer is crucial.

At Uptown Injury, our compassionate team of firefighting foam attorneys provides personalized support. We’ll review your case, explain your legal options, and guide you through the process. With our expertise, we fight for justice, accountability, and the compensation you deserve. 

Contact us today or call us toll-free at 917-540-8728 to schedule a free consultation for a confidential case review.  Don’t wait – take a step toward justice today.


What Is an AFFF Class Action Mdl?

An AFFF class action MDL consolidates multiple individual lawsuits into a legal proceeding called multidistrict litigation (MDL). It is used when plaintiffs have similar claims against a typical defendant or group of defendants, such as manufacturers. An AFFF class action MDL aims to streamline the legal process, promote efficiency, and ensure consistent handling of cases while preserving the plaintiffs’ individual rights.

What is The Time Limit to File an AFFF Lawsuit?

The time limit for filing an AFFF lawsuit for firefighting foam injuries, commonly referred to as the statute of limitations, varies depending on the jurisdiction and specific circumstances. Therefore, it is essential to consult with a firefighting foam attorney promptly to ascertain the applicable deadline in your situation. Doing so ensures that you file your claim promptly and safeguard your rights to seek compensation for your AFFF-related injuries.

How Can a Firefighting Foam Attorney Assist Me in Pursuing an AFFF Lawsuit?

An AFFF lawyer can assist you in a firefighting foam lawsuit by providing expertise, guiding you through the legal process, and advocating for your rights. They will gather evidence, build a strong case, handle negotiations with the defendants, and represent you in court if needed.

How Do I Determine if I Have a Valid AFFF Injury Claim?

You must consider several factors to determine whether you have a valid firefighting foam injury claim. First, assess your exposure to AFFF, such as through firefighting or proximity to contaminated areas. Next, examine if you have experienced specific health issues associated with AFFF exposure, like cancer, respiratory problems, or other relevant conditions. Moreover, consulting with a personal injury attorney specializing in AFFF cases is crucial, as they can evaluate the details of your situation, review supporting evidence, and determine the validity of your claim based on applicable laws and precedents.

What Are the Potential Outcomes of an AFFF Lawsuit: Settlement or Trial?

An AFFF lawsuit’s potential outcomes are settling or proceeding to trial. In a settlement, both parties negotiate and agree upon a specific compensation amount outside of court. If a settlement cannot be reached or the parties choose to go to trial, the case will be presented to the judge or jury. Additionally, the jury will determine the outcome and appropriate compensation if the defendants are liable for the injuries caused by AFFF exposure.

Can Military Firefighters File a Lawsuit if Exposed to PFAS Chemicals?

Yes, as a firefighter or military personnel exposed to PFAS chemicals, you can file a lawsuit and seek compensation for your injuries. To evaluate the merits of your claim and determine the most suitable course of action for seeking justice and compensation, it is advisable to consult with an experienced AFFF lawyer.

What Evidence Is Necessary to Support My AFFF Lawsuit?

Key evidence for your AFFF lawsuit includes records of AFFF exposure, medical documentation of related health issues, expert opinions, witness statements, and relevant supporting documentation. To ensure a strong case, consulting with a specialized AFFF firefighting foam attorney is crucial. They can guide and assist in gathering and presenting the necessary evidence for your case.


Kyle Newman Founder and Senior Trial Lawyer at Uptown Injury Law New York's Best Personal Injury Medical Malpractice and Accident Law firm New York's Top Trial Lawyers
Kyle Newman Founder and Senior Trial Lawyer at Uptown Injury Law New York's Best Personal Injury Medical Malpractice and Accident Law firm New York's Top Trial Lawyers

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